F2 Growth Of Hong Kong Into An Entrepot

ID# 527

Hong Kong was only a farming and fishing village in the early 19th century. Shortly after it came under the British rule, entrepot trade【轉口貿易】 developed. By the 1890s, Hong Kong had become an important entrepot【中轉港】 in Asia.


In mid-19th century, sedan chair【轎】 and rickshaws【人力車】 were the most common means【常用】 of transportation【交通工具】 in Hong Kong


The growth in entrepot trade【轉口貿易】 led to【導致】 the development of the shipping industry.


Hong Kong was able to develop【發展】 from a fishing village into an entrepot because

  1. it was declared【宣布】 a free port【自由港】 which allowed ships to sail【航行】 into and out of Hong Kong freely,
  2. Victory Harbour is a good natural harbour【天然港灣】, which is deep and calm【深而平靜】 enough for large ships to anchor【停泊】,
  3. there was no tax on imported goods【對進口貨物不徵稅】 and
  4. it is located on the trading route【貿易路線】 between China and the West.

The population【人口】 of Hong Kong grew rapidly【急速地】 from 1842 onwards. This growing population provided a huge【巨大】 and cheap labour force【廉價勞動力】 for shipbuilding, ship repairing【修理】 and other economic【經濟】 development.


In Hong Kong, many streets were named after the British Rulers of Hong Kong . For example, Pottinger Street was named after Governor Pottinger.


During the early years of British rule, there were only a few small hospitals in Hong Kong and the sanitary【環境衛生】 conditions were very poor.  In 1872, a group of wealthy Chinese merchants raised money【籌集資金】 to set up the Tung Wah Hospital【東華三院】. Its mission【使命】 was to take care of the poor Chinese.

In early days of Hong Kong, many young girls were kidnapped and sold as meizai or prostitutes【妓女】. In 1878, some Chinese merchants set up the Po Leung Kuk【保良局】 to give shelter【庇護】 to the abused【被虐待】 women and children.


At first, Tung Wah Hospital was set up by a group of wealthy merchants【富商】 to provide the poor Chinese low-priced or free medical treatment【藥物治療】 and the Po Leung Kuk was set up to give shelter【給予庇護】 to the abused women【受虐待的婦女】.